联合国秘书长潘基文将气候变化称为“当今时代决定性的挑战”,许多国家也已经感受到气候变化的影响。但对于许多工作内容与气候变化不直接相关的人们来说,一些基本知识仍然很难理解。比如,哪些气体起到了温室效应的作用?本世纪的预期气温变化是什么?国际气候变化谈判是怎么进行的?目前有哪些适应和减缓措施,怎么选择最合适的措施?资金从哪里来?

这门免费的网上课程就是为这些问题作出了回答。课程内容是由UN CC:Learn - 一个由30多家支持各国设计和实施以结果为导向和可持续的气候变化学习方案的机构组成的合作伙伴关系 - 设计和审议的(www.uncclearn.org)。

本课程分为六章。

基础章节:

1.    气候变化科学

2.    国际气候变化法律和政策框架

3.    适应气候变化

4.    减缓气候变化

5.    气候变化融资

6.    气候变化规划

本课程按学生自身的进度进行,分为内容上互相独立的六章。要取得最后的结业证书,必须完整学习六章内容并通过相应的小测试。

每一章都包含一个互动环节和一个小测试。

互动环节是达到每章学习目标的补充,有40-70页的案例、视频、外部链接和练习,需求2-3小时的时间完成。所有章节都可以下载课件,可供脱机学习或培训。每章都包括了丰富的外部链接,供深入学习个别知识点。术语表也涵盖了相关的概念和技术术语。

小测试可以在任意时间完成,评估对每章学习目标的达成情况。每个测试可以尝试三次。一旦学习者以不低于70%的结果通过所有六个测试,就可在课程首页下载结业证书。

La version française du cours est disponible ci-dessous./ La versión en español del curso está disponible abajo.

Welcome to the UN CC:Learn Introductory e-Course on Climate Change

Everything you need to know about climate change in a nutshell

UN-Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called climate change the “defining challenge of our time” and in many countries, the impacts of it are already felt. At the same time, it is still very difficult for many people not working directly on the subject to understand the basics of climate change. For example, which gases are actually contributing to the greenhouse gas effect? What temperature change is projected for this century? How does the international climate change negotiation process work? What adaptation and mitigation options are available and how to select the most adequate ones? Where does the financing come from?

This free-of-charge e-course will provide “everything you need to know” about the basics of climate change. It is structured around six introductory modules:

  1. Climate Change Science
  2. International Legal and Policy Framework for Climate Change
  3. Climate Change Adaptation
  4. Climate Change Mitigation and Low Carbon Development
  5. Climate Change Finance
  6. Climate Change Governance and Planning 

Additionally, specialised modules are also provided, building up on the introductory ones:

  • Climate Change and Cities  
  • Climate Change and Human Health

Each Module takes an average of 2 hours to complete. Each has four learning objectives. A short quiz at the end of each Module allows you to verify if you have achieved the learning objectives. Once all 6 Module quizzes are passed, you will receive a certificate. You can decide to take all Modules, or decide to select those that most interest you. However you need to do all 6 to get a certificate. Once you are done with the initial 6 modules, you can also proceed to go through the specialized module, which will provide you with an additional certificate. Please note that you need to go through the 6 intro modules to get a certificate for the specialized modules.

All Modules are also available as downloadable power point presentations that can be used for offline study or training purposes. The modules also contain a wealth of links to other UN resources on climate change and are thus a gateway to more in-depth and specific information.

The Modules have been developed and peer-reviewed through UN CC:Learn, a partnership of 34 multilateral organizations which supports Member States in designing and implementing results-oriented and sustainable learning to address climate change.

Bienvenue au cours en ligne « Introduction aux changements climatiques » de UN CC:Learn

Tout ce que vous devez savoir sur les changements climatiques au même endroit 

Le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, Ban Ki-moon, a déclaré que le changement climatique est « le plus grand défi de notre époque », et ses effets se font déjà ressentir dans un grand nombre de pays. En même temps, il est toujours difficile pour de nombreuses personnes qui ne travaillent pas directement sur le sujet de comprendre les éléments de base des changements climatiques. Par exemple, quels sont les gaz qui contribuent réellement à générer de l’effet de serre ? Quel changement de température est projeté au cours du siècle ? Comment fonctionnent les négociations internationales en matière de changements climatiques ? Quelles sont les mesures d’adaptation et d’atténuation disponibles et comment choisir les meilleures d’entre elles ? D’où le financement provient-il ?

Cette formation en ligne gratuite a été conçue dans le but d’apporter des réponses à ces questions, ainsi qu’à d’autres questions essentielles sur les changements climatiques.

Le cours est divisé en 6 modules:

  1. Science des changements climatiques
  2. Cadre juridique et politique international pour faire face aux changements climatiques
  3. Adaptation aux changements climatiques
  4. Atténuation des changements climatiques
  5. Financement dans le domaine des changements climatiques
  6. Planification en matière de changements climatiques

En plus, des modules spécialisés en relation avec ces derniers sont fournis: 

  • Les villes et les changements climatiques
  • Les changements climatiques et la santé

Il faut compter environ deux heures pour compléter chaque module, et chacun est articulé autour de 4 objectifs d’apprentissage. Leur atteinte sera évaluée à la fin de chaque module à l’aide d’un quiz. Une fois que les six modules seront complétés, vous recevrez un certificat. Les modules sont indépendants et peuvent être étudiés dans n’importe quel ordre ; cependant, il est indispensable de les suivre tous pour recevoir un certificat final.

Il est également possible de télécharger tous les modules en présentation PowerPoint pour pouvoir étudier en hors-ligne ou pour s’entraîner. Les modules contiennent aussi un grand nombre de liens vers d’autres données sur les changements climatiques et constituent ainsi une passerelle vers des informations plus détaillées et plus précises.

Les modules qui composent le cours ont été élaborés et révisés par UN CC:Learn, un partenariat de 34 organisations multilatérales qui soutiennent les Etats membres dans la conception et la mise en œuvre d’enseignements durables fondés sur les résultats pour faire face aux changements climatiques (www.uncclearn.org). 

¡Bienvenidos al Curso UN CC:Learn de introducción sobre el Cambio Climático!

El Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas, Ban Ki-moon, ha afirmado que el cambio climático es “el desafío definitivo de nuestra era”, y en muchos países ya se sienten sus efectos. Al mismo tiempo, aún resulta muy difícil para muchas personas que no trabajan directamente en la materia entender los fundamentos del cambio climático. Por ejemplo, ¿qué gases son los que están contribuyendo realmente a aumentar el efecto invernadero?, ¿cuál es el cambio de temperatura proyectado para este siglo?, ¿cómo funciona el proceso de negociaciones internacionales sobre el cambio climático?, ¿qué opciones de adaptación y mitigación hay disponibles, y cómo se deben elegir las más adecuadas?, ¿de dónde proviene la financiación?

El curso proporciona información clara, concisa y actualizada para cualquier persona interesada en adquirir una visión general sobre el cambio climático. El curso se estructura en torno a seis módulos:

  1. Ciencia del Cambio Climático
  2. Marco Jurídico y Normativo Internacional para Abordar el Cambio Climático
  3. Adaptación al Cambio Climático
  4. Mitigación del Cambio Climático
  5. Financiación del Cambio Climático
  6. Planificación para el Cambio Climático

Adicionalmente se proporcionan módulos especializados, que profundizan los introductorios:

  • Las Ciudades y el Cambio Climático
  • Cambio Climático y Salud Humana

Las lecciones interactivas se ofrecen con el fin de lograr los 4 objetivos de aprendizaje específicos de cada módulo, e incluyen entre 40 y 60 diapositivas de contenido que se complementan con estudios de caso, vídeos, enlaces externos y ejercicios. Para completar cada uno de los módulos se requieren entre 2 y 3 horas. Además, todos los módulos se pueden descargar en formato de presentación PowerPoint, que pueden utilizarse como material de estudio sin necesidad de estar conectado a Internet o con fines pedagógicos. Los módulos también incluyen una gran variedad de enlaces a otros recursos en materia de cambio climático, por lo que constituyen un punto de acceso a información más extensa y detallada. Un glosario proporciona definiciones de conceptos y términos técnicos pertinentes.

Los tests pueden realizarse en cualquier momento. Estos sirven para evaluar si se han alcanzado los objetivos de aprendizaje de cada módulo. Cada test puede realizarse un máximo de tres veces. Una vez se hayan aprobado los seis tests ―para lo cual es necesario responder correctamente, al menos, el 70% de las preguntas―, el alumno puede descargar un certificado de finalización del curso desde la página principal del curso.  

Este curso en línea gratuito ha sido concebido para proporcionar las respuestas a estas y a otras preguntas básicas sobre el cambio climático. Los módulos del curso han sido elaborados y sometidos a una revisión inter pares a través de UN CC:Learn, una alianza de 35 organizaciones multilaterales que prestan apoyo a los Estados Miembros en la elaboración y aplicación de un aprendizaje sostenible y orientado a los resultados para abordar el cambio climático (www.uncclearn.org).

To receive a certificate on this topic, you need to pass the Introductory e-course on Climate Change first. 

Specialised Module on Climate Change and Human Health

This specialised module introduces the theme of climate change and human health. Human health is directly affected by the weather, climate variability and climate change. The module will explain how mitigation and adaptation policies and measures in health and related sectors can benefit the human health. Moreover, the module will present tools to assess and integrate health within climate change policies and strategies and vice versa. Several examples of how countries are responding to the health challenges posed by climate change, including taking advantage of the opportunities, are presented.
   

Learning Objectives

After completing this specialised module, participants will be able to:

  • Explain how weather, climate variability and climate change can affect human health.
  • Describe the health benefits of mitigation and adaptation policies and measures in health and related sectors.
  • Identify a variety of tools to assess and integrate health within climate change policies and strategies, and integrate climate change within health policies and strategies.
  • Provide examples of how countries are responding to the health challenges posed by climate change, including taking advantage of the opportunities.
  Sections
  1. Climate Change and Human Health
  2. Adaptation: Building Health Systems’ Resilience to Climate Change
  3. The Mutual Benefits of Climate Change Mitigation and Health Policies

To receive a certificate on this topic, you need to pass the Introductory e-course on Climate Change first. 

Specialised Module on Climate Change and Cities

This specialised module introduces the theme of climate change in urban areas. The world is becoming more and more urban and therefore cities are important actors in addressing climate change. The module will cover both how cities are affected by climate change and how cities are contributing to climate change. In addition, the module will look at how climate change adaptation and mitigation can be considered in urban planning and identify concrete measures. Several examples of how cities can play a transformational role in addressing climate change are presented. 

Learning Objectives

After completing this specialised module, participants will be able to:

  • Describe urban trends for the 21st century.
  • Describe the transformative role that cities can play in achieving green and climate resilient development.
  • Explain how urban areas are affected by, and contribute to, climate change.
  • Explain how climate change adaptation and mitigation can be considered in urban planning.
  • Identify specific adaptation and mitigation measures suitable for urban areas.
  
Sections
  1. Cities in the 21st century
  2. Effects of climate change on cities
  3. Cities as contributors to climate change
  4. Integrating climate change adaptation and mitigation in urban planning
  5. Urban climate change adaptation and mitigation in practice
  6. Overview of major initiatives related to climate change and cities

“Welcome to the REDD+ e-Academy, providing you with a State of the Art overview of REDD+ planning and implementation, developed by some of the world’s leading REDD+ experts.This e-course is a part of the REDD+ Academy. It has been designed to accompany you in your learning journey, covering all the main REDD+ topics, from the basics to the finer points of setting reference levels, monitoring, allocation of incentives and stakeholder engagement. The modules presented in this e-course will equip you with the necessary knowledge to better understand the various components of REDD+. I encourage you to apply this knowledge and do your part to make REDD+ a national and a global success!”

Achim Steiner
United Nations Under-Secretary-General and United Nations Environment Programme, Executive Director

The course is structured around 12 modules.

1. Forest, Carbon Sequestration and Climate Change
2. Understanding REDD+ and the UNFCCC
3. Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation
4. National Strategies and Action Plans
5. National Forest Monitoring Systems for REDD+
6. Forest Reference Emission Levels for REDD+
7. Policies and Measures for REDD+ Implementation  
8. REDD+ Safeguards under the UNFCCC
9. REDD+ Finance
10. Approaches for Allocation of Incentives
11. Introduction to Stakeholder Engagement
12. Good governance 

The two first modules present a general introduction on the topic. Modules 3 to 8 present the core of REDD+, including the various elements which are required under the UNFCCC and how to prepare and implement REDD+ at the national level. Finally, modules 9 to 12 present cross-cutting issues which are of interest in all steps of REDD+ readiness and implementation. Once all 12 Modules are completed, you will receive a certificate. 

WELCOME!

This e-tutorial aims to build understanding of the links between climate policy and public finance. It has been developed by the UN Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) as part of the regional project “Strengthening the Governance of Climate Change Finance to Benefit the Poor and Vulnerable in Asia and the Pacific” implemented by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) with financial support from the Swedish Development Cooperation (SIDA). 

សូមស្វាគមន៍!

បទបង្ហាញអេឡិចត្រូនិចនេះមានគោលបំណងកសាងនូវការយល់ដឹងអំពីទំនាក់ទំនងរវាងគោលនយោបាយប្រែប្រួលអាកាសធាតុ និង ហិរញ្ញវត្ថុសាធារណៈ ។ បទបង្ហាញអេឡិចត្រូនិចនេះត្រូវបានបង្កើតឡើងដោយវិទ្យាស្ថានបណ្តុះបណ្តាល និង ស្រាវជ្រាវនៃអង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ (UNITAR) និង ជាផ្នែកមួយនៃគម្រោងថ្នាក់តំបន់ស្តីពី “ការពង្រឹងអភិបាលកិច្ចនៃហិរញ្ញវត្ថុសម្រាប់ ការប្រែប្រួលអាកាសធាតុ ដើម្បីជាប្រយោជន៍ដល់ជនក្រីក្រ និង ងាយរងគ្រោះនៅក្នុងតំបន់អាស៊ី និង ប៉ាស៊ីហ្វិក” ដែលបាន និង កំពុងអនុវត្តដោយកម្មវិធីអភិវឌ្ឍន៍អង្គការសហប្រជាជាតិ (UNDP) ក្រោមជំនួយហិរញ្ញវត្ថុរបស់អង្គការកិច្ចសហប្រតិបត្តិការអភិវឌ្ឍន៍របស់ប្រទេសស៊ុយអែត (SIDA) ។ 

ยินดีต้อนรับ!

หลักสูตรการเรียนทางอิเล็กทรอนิกส์นี้ มุ่งสร้างความเข้าใจเรื่องความเชื่อมโยงระหว่างนโยบายด้านสภาพภูมิอากาศกับการจัดสรรงบประมาณในภาคสาธารณะ ได้พัฒนาขึ้นโดยสถาบันเพื่อการอบรมและวิจัยแห่งสหประชาชาติ (UNITAR) ในฐานะส่วนหนึ่งของโครงการ “เสริมสร้างการบริหารจัดการเงินทุนเพื่อประโยขน์ของคนจนและกลุ่มที่เปราะบางในภูมิภาคเอเซียและแปซิฟิก” ซึ่งดำเนินการโดยโครงการพัฒนาแห่งสหประชาชาติ (UNDP) ด้วยการสนับสนุนทางการเงินจากองค์การความร่วมมือระหว่างประเทศสวีเดน (SIDA)

WELCOME!

This e-tutorial will provide you with an introduction to how governments can respond to the climate change challenge through better budgeting. It will introduce and explain a new approach to integrating climate change risks and opportunities into budget preparation. So called “climate-responsive budgeting” allows sectors to identify investments likely to perform best under a changing climate.

At the core of this e-tutorial is a case study of an irrigation scheme in Thailand, the Plychumpol scheme, while the information is delivered based on a "hands-on" approach including interactive exercises. At the end of the e-tutorial you have the opportunity to test the knowledge you acquired by answering the 10 questions available. However, the test is not compulsory. The e-tutorial is narrated so you will need the audio turned on. You are also given the possibility to download the document containing the scrip and a glossary of terms in a PDF format either from the first slide, once you entered the tutorial, or from below, before you start. 

The e-tutorial has been designed for officials located within a sector ministry affected by climate change, particularly the agriculture sector. However other interest groups may also find the content useful.

This e-tutorial has been developed under the UNDP Strengthening the Governance of Climate Change Finance to benefit the poor and vulnerable (2012-16) programme, with support from the Government of Sweden. The content is based on methodological work by Kit Nicholson.

សូមស្វាគមន៍

បទបង្ហាញអេឡិចត្រូនិចនេះ​ នឹងចាប់​ផ្ដើម​បង្ដាញ​​អ្នក​ពី​របៀប​ដែល​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​​អាច​ឆ្លើយ​តប​ទៅ​នឹង​ការ​ប្រឈម​នៃ​ការប្រែប្រួល​អាកាស​ធាតុ តាម​រយៈការ​ចាត់​ចែង​ថវិកាដ៏​ឲ្យ​បាន​ល្អ​បំផុត។ បទ​បង្ហាញ​នេះ​ នឹងពន្យល់​អំពីអភិក្រម​ថ្មីមួយ​​ដើម្បី​បញ្ជ្រៀបហានិភ័យនិង​ឧកាស​នៃ​ការ​ប្រែប្រួលអាកាសធាតុ ទៅ​ក្នុង​ការ​រៀបចំ​ថវិកា។​ ការណ៍​នេះ​​ហៅ​ថា ការ​រៀប​ចំ​ថវិកា​ដែល​ឆ្លើយ​តប​ទៅ​នឹង​អាកាស​ធាតុ​តាម​វិស័យ ដែល​​អនុញ្ញាត​ឲ្យ​វិស័យ​នានា អាចពិនិត្យ​មើលច្បាស់​លាស់​លើ​ការវិនិយោគ​ដែល​អាច​នឹង​អនុវត្តទៅ​បាន​​ល្អ​ប្រសើរ ក្នុង​ក្រប​ខណ្ឌ​អាកាសធាតុ​ប្រែប្រួល។

ខ្លឹម​សារ​នៃ​បទបង្ហាញនេះ​ គឺ​ជា​ករណី​សិក្សា​មួយ​លើ​គម្រោង​ធារាសាស្ត្រ​នៅ​ប្រទេស​ថៃ គឺ​គម្រោង​ភ្លីជុមប៉ុល ដែល​ព័ត៌មាន​ត្រូវ​បាន​បញ្ជូនដោយផ្អែក​លើ​អភិក្រមជាក់ស្ដែង រួម​ជាមួយ​លំហាត់អនុវត្តន៍ជាក់​ស្ដែង​។​ នៅ​ចុង​បញ្ចប់នៃ​បទបង្ហាញ អ្នក​នឹង​មាន​ឧកាស​ធ្វើតេស្ត​ចំណេះ​ដឹង​ដែល​អ្នក​ទទួល​បាន​ តាម​រយៈ​ការ​ឆ្លើយ​សំណួរចំនួន​ ១០ ដែលមាន​ស្រាប់។ ប៉ុន្តែ ការ​ធ្វើ​តេស្តនេះ​មិនមែន​ជា​កាត្វកិច្ច ដែល​ចាំ​ចាច់​ត្រូវ​តែ​ធ្វើ​នោះ​ទេ។​ បទបង្ហាញ​នេះ គឺ​ជា​កម្រង​អត្ថាធិប្បាយ ដូច្នេះ​អ្នក​ចាំចាច់​ត្រូវ​បើកស្ដាប់​សម្លេង។ អ្នក​ក៏អាច​ទាញ​យក​ឯកសារ​ដែល​មាន​បទ​អត្ថាធិប្បាយ និង​សន្ទានុក្រម​ជា​ទម្រង់ PDF ចាប់ពី​បទបង្ហាញ​ទី​១ នៅ​ពេល​ដែល​អ្នក​ចុចលើ​បទបង្ហាញ​ដែល​មាន​នៅ​ខាងក្រោមមុខ​នឹង​អ្នក​ចាប់​ផ្ដើម។

បទបង្ហាញ​អេឡិច​ត្រូនិចនេះ ត្រូវ​បាន​រៀបចំ​ឡើង​សម្រាប់​មន្ត្រី​រាជការ​ក្នុង​ក្រសួង​តាម​វិស័យ​ដែល​រង​ឥទ្ធិពល​ដោយ​ការប្រែ​ប្រួល​អាកាសធាតុ ជាពិសេស​វិស័យ​កសិកម្ម។ ប៉ុន្តែ អ្នក​ផ្សេង​ទៀតដែល​ចាប់​អារម្មណ័ ក៏​អាច​ទទួល​បាន​អត្ថប្រយោជន៏ពី​បតបង្ហាញ​នេះ​ផងដែរ។

បទបង្ហាញអេឡិច​ត្រូនិច​នេះ ត្រូវ​បាន​បង្កើត​ឡើងដោយ​ UNDP ដើម្បី​ពង្រឹងអភិបាល​កិច្ច​សម្រាប់ហិរញ្ញវត្ថុនៃ​ការប្រែប្រួល​អាកាសធាតុ ​ដែល​ជា​ប្រយោជន៍​ដល់​កម្មវិធីសម្រាប់ប្រជាជន​ក្រីក្រ និង​ងាយរង​គ្រោះ (២០១២‍-២០១៦) ក្រោម​ការ​ឧបត្ថម្ភពី​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ស្វីសដេន។ មាតិការនេះ ផ្អែក​លើ​ការ​ស្រាវជ្រាវ​របស់​លោក គីត ណីកូសាន់ (Kit Nicholson) ។