Welcome to the Carbon Taxation e-course
Recent years have seen renewed and growing interest in policy instruments that put a price on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through the adoption of carbon taxes. About half of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted by governments under the Paris Agreement mention carbon pricing as a cost-effective tool to meet climate targets.
As pricing schemes multiply they become increasingly varied. Today, carbon taxes cover a broad range of sectors and include novel features, demonstrating their ability to adapt to varying policy goals and national contexts. The versatility of carbon taxes also means that policy makers need a clear picture of the available options and how those options fit with the jurisdiction’s context and objectives. While this course was developed prior to the outbreak of COVID-19, its contents remain relevant to current policy discussions as low fossil fuel prices present an opportunity to introduce or raise carbon taxes.
This online course provides a first step in understanding the carbon tax landscape.
Understanding carbon taxes
Putting a price on carbon involves a fair amount of analysis and consultation with stakeholders. The overall goal of the course is to familiarize learners with underlying market dynamics, policy design options and relevant terminology. While the course is introductory in nature, learners will benefit greatly from a pre-existing understanding of:
- The functioning of market economies, including basic concepts such as rational agency, the influence of prices on supply and demand, and investments
- The role of public policy in shaping economic, social and environmental outcomes and achieving international and national commitments
This pre-existing knowledge is not a prerequisite to take the course. You are invited to enroll even if you believe you're new to the topic!
Upon completion, you will be able to:
- Describe how carbon taxes work in reducing greenhouse gas emissions
- Outline key considerations that shape the decision to adopt carbon taxes
- Summarize approaches for determining the carbon tax base and rate
- Differentiate main undesirable effects and mitigation measures
- List options for revenue use
Course structure at a glance
While being introduced to conceptual considerations of carbon taxation and its underlying economics, you will also benefit from exposure to a variety of case studies and international carbon pricing practices. The discussions take into account strategic aspects of the political environments in which carbon taxes function.
- Module 1: Carbon taxes – Why and when to use them
- Module 2: Preparing for carbon tax adoption
- Module 3: Key design decisions
- Module 4: Avoiding unwanted effects of the carbon tax
- Module 5: Use of revenues
Support climate change literacy
We want to continue our crucial journey to equip people with the skills and knowledge needed to make informed decisions, to act and to fight climate crisis.Donate
Get your certificate!
Upon completing all five modules and passing the final quiz, you receive a certificate showing your understanding of the topic. Further details on how to obtain the certificate are presented in the course’s “Certification” section.
Partnership and contributors
Responding to the knowledge and skills needs of policy makers, the World Bank's Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) and United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) jointly developed this online course with contributions from Climate Focus and Gnarly Tree Sustainability Institute.